Sexual assault and harassment are ongoing problems in the military. This Article examines this problem from an organizational perspective. Social science research finds that organizational climate and composition strongly predict the occurrence of sexual harassment. A positive organizational climate decreases the prevalence of sexual harassment, reduces retaliation against those who report it, and lessens its job-related and psychological impacts. In contrast, organizations that tolerate sexual harassment are associated with greater levels of harassment and worse outcomes for victims. Workplaces where men significantly outnumber women are also associated with increased rates of sexual harassment.
ADDRESSING SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN THE UNITED STATES MILITARY: AN ORGANIZATIONAL APPROACH
Volume 94, No. 2, Winter 2022