“You’re on the Right Track!” Using Graduated Response Systems to Address Immaturity of Judgment and Enhance Youths’ Capacities to Successfully Complete Probation
Volume 88, No. 4, Summer 2016
By Naomi E.S. Goldstein, Associate Professor of Psychology at Drexel University; Amanda NeMoyer, doctoral candidate in the JD/PhD Program in Law and Psychology at Drexel University; Elizabeth Gale-Bentz, doctoral student in clinical psychology at Drexel University; Marsha Levick, Deputy Director and Chief Counsel for the Juvenile Law Center; Jessica Feierman, Associate Director of the Juvenile Law Center and adjunct faculty member at University of Pennsylvania and Temple University Law Schools [PDF]

After describing the current state of juvenile probation in the United States, this Article proposes a developmentally informed probation model utilizing existing research on adolescent development and behavior modification. It then considers the broader legal and policy contexts of such a model: How can a model geared toward changing youths’ behavior be constructed to ensure adequate due process, support family involvement, and avoid unintended consequences (e.g., net widening, racial and ethnic disparities)?