TLR generally adheres to The Bluebook for short citation rules. This Red Rule contains several important rules and clarifications that must be followed.
B.4(a): Consistency in Short Citation Form
When The Bluebook offers a number of options to use for a short citation format (e.g., Short Forms for Statutes in Bluebook Rule 12.10), the same short form must be used for all similar sources throughout the article.
B.4(b): Special Short Form Citation Rule for Cases and Statutes Cited in the Main Text
**Please note TLR differs from Bluebook for this rule**
The first time a case name appears in the main text, the full case name should be used, followed by a footnote with the full cite for the case minus the name of the case. The next citation should be a short form citation but not “id.”
B.4(c): Short Form Citation with Supra
The Bluebook permits for two different uses of “supra.”
- The first use is as a short citation to reference legislative hearings, books, pamphlets, reports, unpublished materials, nonprint resources, periodicals, treaties, and decisions of intergovernmental organizations (Bluebook Rule 4.2).
- The second use is for internal cross-references (Bluebook Rule 3.5). The Red Rules applicable to internal cross references (see Red Rule B.8 on page 20) are NOT applicable to short citations using supra.