Rule B.6: Signals

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B.6(a): Order of Signals

TLR uses Bluebook Rules 1.2, 1.3, and 1.4 in their entirety. As required by Bluebook Rule 1.3, signals that indicate the same type of support are used in one citation sentence with the citations separated by a semicolon.

CORRECT:See Palmore v. Sidoti, 466 U.S. 429, 432 (1984) (describing prohibition of governmentally imposed racial discrimination as “core purpose” ofthe Fourteenth Amendment); see also Washington v. Davis, 426 U.S. 229, 239–42 (1976) (holding Equal Protection Clause protects against individuals acting with discriminatory intent).

B.6(b): Use of Signals 

As a general rule, introductory signals may be used only in the manner described in Bluebook Rule 1.2. Please note the following:

  1. The word “also” is not a signal unto itself. It does not function in the same manner as “e.g.” Rather, “also” may only be used in the signal “seealso.” Thus, “accord also” or “but see also” would be inappropriate signals.
  2. Staffers should seldom suggest the use of the “see generally” signal, but should usually retain that signal when it is used by the author.

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